Regardless of an enormous rise in homeworking final yr, about two thirds of staff didn’t achieve this in any respect, knowledge from the Workplace for Nationwide Statistics has revealed.
A complete of 35.9 per cent of employed UK residents labored from residence to some extent over the course of 2020.
This represents a big rise on the 26.5 per cent of staff who did so sooner or later in 2019.
However practically two in three – 64.1 per cent – labored completely from their job website or different location away from residence for the entire of 2020.
Scotland had decrease charges of homeworking than England, with virtually the entire nation under the UK common.
The south west of Scotland, the West and the Highlands averaged lower than 26 per cent working from residence and South Ayrshire had one of many lowest charges within the UK.
Those that did earn a living from home to some extent final yr labored a median of 32.Three hours per week, in contrast with 27.7 hours for many who didn’t achieve this.
These figures decreased respectively by two and 4 hours because of the furlough programmes and different pandemic-related causes.
Homeworkers did a median of six hours of unpaid additional work in every week of 2020, in contrast with 3.6 hours for many who by no means labored from residence.
However working from residence does carry with it later begin occasions and longer breaks; in September 2020 the common day for homeworkers started at 10.45am and included an hour and 15 minutes of breaks.
Staff working away from residence began at 9.37am, on common, and took 43 minutes in breaks in the course of the working day.
Begin occasions for homeworkers received later because the yr went on; in April 2020 the common was 10.15am, and the ONS claimed that the preliminary wave of distant working noticed many staff extra intently following what had been their typical hours within the workplace.
The statistics company discovered that, earlier than final yr, staff that typically labored from residence “have been extra more likely to be part-time staff, feminine, and work fewer hours”.
“In 2020, given the unprecedented enhance in homeworking, the traits of the homeworking group modified,” the ONS added.
Final yr the ICT sector had the best incidence of homeworking, with 62 per cent of staff in these roles having labored from their residence sooner or later.
Subsequent on the record have been skilled, science and technical professions on 56.1 per cent, and monetary providers on 54.2 per cent.
On the different finish of the spectrum, simply 12.Three per cent of staff within the meals and lodging sector labored from residence at any level final yr.
Transport and storage, on 18.6 per cent, and retail, 19.7 per cent, additionally noticed low incidence of homeworking.
The ONS discovered that “London and surrounding areas had the best charges of working from residence in 2020, with many areas in Scotland and the north having the bottom.
“Areas of notice with low homeworking charges have been Thurrock, Birmingham, Lincolnshire, Blackpool, South Ayrshire, and components of Northern Eire,” it added.
The analysis finds that, earlier than 2020, the long-term pattern was that those that primarily labored from residence have been “paid much less, much less more likely to get a bonus, much less more likely to get promoted, and fewer more likely to obtain coaching”.
However, following the occasions of final yr – notably the prevalence of senior managers working from residence – this may occasionally not be the case sooner or later.
“In 2020, the outcomes of every homeworking class converged in lots of metrics, as extra individuals turned homeworkers,” the ONS stated.
“Homeworkers have been higher capable of entry coaching in 2020 than they as soon as have been, and the pay penalty for many who labored completely from residence reversed.”
The statistics company’s stated that its knowledge “might recommend that individuals who mix homeworking with working away from residence are extra productive than those that by no means earn a living from home”.
Our proof means that the success of homeworking varies enormously between those who labored primarily at residence, and those who blended homeworking with working away from residence,” it added.
“This means flexibility in the direction of homeworking in future could be key to its success.”